How do we shape the natural world?

For our second assignment I picked Topic 4: โ€œHow do we shape the natural world?โ€ After skimming the other topics and their corresponding chapters, this one stuck out to me the most. Namely, the impact we as humans have on the environment. In chapter 6 โ€œThe Changing Worldโ€ from the book How to See the World Nicholas Mirzoeff discusses climate change and the impact that it is currently having on our world and as well as its future impacts.

Mirzoeff talks about one way in how we try and show the visible changes that climate change is having on the Earth is through the use of comparative formats such as time-lapse photography (215). This type of photography for example shows how rapidly the glaciers and ice are disappearing due to the warming of the Earth. Later in the chapter Mirzoeff shows how we as a whole have let ourselves be anesthetized to the effects of climate change and have accepted them as normal. For example, George Wesley Bellows painting Forty-Two Kids (1907) shows a group of naked children getting ready to swim into the black water of the East River in New York. At the time of this paint the bodily waste of 6 million people living around New York Harbor was being piped straight into the water. Mirzoeff proposes that โ€œthe desire to live in the modern city was so great that it anesthetized the sense, or at least allowed people to disregard what they saw and smelled in the waterโ€ (234). The idea of our society being anesthetized to climate change never really occurred to me prior to reading this chapter, but now reflecting on our world I can see how it is a reoccurring theme.

One of the additional resources I chose was the video of a workshop led by Nicholas Mirzoeff: โ€œHow to See Climate Change.โ€ I thought it would be interesting to see how he relates what he writes in his book to what he discusses in person. In his lecture, Mirzoeff brings up the idea of the visual commons and how it is a commons because nobody owns it, it is a common sensation or view. Visual commons is not abstract; it requires you to be there (perezartmuseum). Because of this visual commons we all have a mental picture of what Earth looks like from outer space. Mirzoeff is referring to the โ€œBlue Marbleโ€ photograph of Earth that he also talks about in the first chapter of How to See the World. This is the most downloaded and reproduced photograph of all time. Mirzoeff refers again to anesthesia and how it was done with the black water in New York as well as the smog in London. People just accepted the change in the physical environment and expected it to be that way. I believe that we as a society will most likely always be anesthetized to the changing climate and the repercussions that brings because we want to be blind to the fact that it is all of our faults.

I also viewed the video by CEPImperial: โ€œClimate Change in the Anthropocene.โ€ Anthropocene is a word that I heard throughout Mirzoeffโ€™s lecture but wasnโ€™t able to grasp a concrete definition of until watching this video. Anthropocene is the new geological epoch that we have entered, one that is dominated by humanity (cepimperial). Similar to the idea of our society being anesthetized it is discussed that we now have a โ€œnew normal.โ€ How the current dramatic weather events such as storms, droughts, and fires, all due to climate change are considered normal. I know personally that I donโ€™t question when there is an earthquake or tsunami, I just assume these are part of Earthโ€™s natural process. However, we are in fact altering Earthโ€™s natural cycles so much that we have made a whole in the ozone layer. A solution given is that we all need to bear in mind both the current and future impacts of climate change.

I am looking forward to delving deeper into this topic and doing some outside research of my own as to how climate change is currently affecting Earth, how it will affect Earth in the future, and what we can actively do to save our planet.

Works Cited:

Mirzoeff, Nicholas.ย How to see the world. Great Britain: Pelican, 2015. Print.

Perez Art Museum Miami, FL. โ€œWorkshop Led by Nicholas Mirzoeff: โ€œHow to See Climate Changeโ€.โ€ YouTube. YouTube, 21 July 2015. Web. 26 Mar. 2017.

CEPImperial. โ€œClimate Change in the Anthropocene.โ€ YouTube. YouTube, 22 Dec. 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2017.

How to See the World: Introduction

The author, Nicholas Mirzoeff, begins the book by recounting how many people believed that seeing the image of “Blue Marble” significantly changed their lives. That they were finally able to see the world as a whole and because of this they were all linked to one another.

Later on in the introduction Mirzoeff talks about how in 2012 another photograph of the world was produced. This “Blue Marble” seems as if it was taken from one place in space like the original was, but this is not accurate. The image wasย composed of many different pictures of the earth from different angles and assembled to look as if was just one. Mirzoeff says, “It is a good metaphor of how we see the world visualized today. We assemble a world from pieces, assuming that what we see is both coherent and equivalent to reality. Until we discover it is not” (Mirzoeff, 10).

Mirzoeff goes on to explain the concept of visual culture and the mental model that we all create based off of what we previously know to be true. The world of social media and more evolved media outlets over the years has altered this concept of social media. “The difference between the concept of visual culture in 1990 and the one we have today is the difference between seeing something in a specific viewing space, such as a museum or a cinema, and in the image-dominated network society” (Mirzoeff, 13).

The introduction to this book was intriguing and I am anxious to learn more and to continue moving forward in this class.

Works Cited: Mirzoeff, Nicholas. How to see the world. Great Britain: Pelican, 2015. Print.